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專升本英語詞匯:冠詞-成人高考復習資料!

2019-5-4  來源:四川成人高考網 點擊:

       大綱要求:
  
  1、不定冠詞的基本用法
  
  2、定冠詞的基本用法
  
  3、不加冠詞的基本規則以及冠詞的習慣用法
  
  冠詞是一種虛詞,只能附著在名詞上幫助說明名詞的含義。
  
  冠詞分為定冠詞(the)和不冠詞(a或an)兩類,定冠詞表示特指,不定冠詞表示泛指。
  
  a用于讀音以輔音開頭的詞前面,an用于讀音以元音開頭的詞前面。
  
  如:a university, a useful book, an umbrella, a horse, an honest man
  
  定冠詞的基本用法
  
  1.表示特定的人或東西。
  
  Give me the magazine.
  
  Have you decided on the prices yet?
  
  The book on the table is an English dictionary.
  
  Beijing is the capital of China.
  
  2.復述前文提到的人或東西。
  
  Last week, I saw a flim. The film is about a love story between two middle-aged people.
  
  The old man saw a house in the field. He went into the house found a beautiful girl sitting there singing.
  
  用于形容詞前面,代表一類人或東西。
  
  the poor 窮人 the rich 富人 the wounded 受傷的人
  
  the sick 生病的人 the beautiful 美麗的事物 the old 老年人
  
  the young 年青人
  
  用于表示世界上獨一無二的東西的名詞前面。
  
  the moon, the sun, the earth
  
  The moon moves aroud the earth.
  
  We have friends all over the world.
  
  Dont build castles in the air.
  
  用于序數詞、方位名詞、形容詞與副詞的最高級前面,副詞最高級前面的the 可以省略。
  
  January is the first month of the year.
  
  The sun rises in the east.
  
  Japan lies to the east of China.
  
  Beijing lies in the north of China.
  
  Irellies on the Great Britain.
  
  At the Childrens Palace, some children learn to play the piano, others learn to play the violin.
  
  Last week we went to the theatre.
  
  Among the three girls she speaks English the best.
  
  “東、南、西、北”作副詞時,前面不加冠詞。
  
  We are walking south.
  
  形容詞最高級前若有物主代詞,就不加定冠詞。
  
  Monday is my busiest day.
  
  用于姓氏的復數形式前,表示一家人或夫婦倆。
  
  The Lius have moved to Guangzhou.
  
  The Simths came to China for visit in 1996.
  
  不可數名詞前面通常不加定冠詞,但若有限制性定語修飾,或表示特定部分、特定內容時,前面需加定冠詞。
  
  Drink some water.
  
  Is the water in the well fit for drink?
  
  What do you think of the music?
  
  He cant take the advice his mother gives him
  
  不加冠詞的基本規則
  
  季節、月份、日期前一般不加冠詞。
  
  If winter comes can spring be far behind?
  
  We have few classes on Sunday.
  
  10.1 is National Day.
  
  表示球類、棋類、三頓飯的名詞前通常不加冠詞,但樂器前需加定冠詞。
  
  What did you have for lunch?
  
  Dinner is ready.
  
  Lets go watch them play chess.
  
  My elder brother likes to play football.
  
  The boys are learnig to play the guitar.
  
  play the piano
  
  play the violin

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